Biotechnology is an umbrella term for a number of technologies that make use of living organisms and biological systems to create a wide range of products. One good example of this concept is baking bread since the baker will need yeast, which is a living organism, to make the dough rise. Traditional forms of biotechnology use living organisms in their natural state. However, in today’s modern biotechnology, it is now possible to modify the organism’s natural form. At present, biotechnology is used in various disciplines such as medical biotechnology (introduction of new medicinal drugs and therapies) agricultural biotechnology (development of biological treatments, plants and biofuels) and industrial biotechnology (production of food, textiles, etc.). In a sense, biotechnology is mainly founded on biology and it employs biomolecular and cellular processes to create and improve products and technologies that are designed to enhance the lives of humans. If you are looking for the right people to serve in the biotechnology industry partner with https://pactandpartners.com/biotech/.
Let’s learn more about biotechnology.
Medical biotechnology uses living cells to manufacture cures in order to improve people’s health. Basically, the products are aimed to prevent and treat diseases. The science behind medical biotechnology is focused on finding ways to preserve our health, identify pathogens and have a good grasp on human cell biology.
Pharmaceutical drugs are products of medical biotechnology. These drugs are specially formulated to cure diseases. The creation of these drugs is made possible by studying bacteria, animal cells and plants at their most basic level. For the most part, it relies greatly on DNA and how to alter it to change the genetic makeup of cells. When DNA is successfully mutated with characteristics that are advantageous to human health, diseases will be prevented. The medical biotechnology field is more concerned about the introduction of novel treatments and drugs.
One good example of medical biotechnology is the introduction of vaccines. Vaccines are made of certain chemicals that trigger your body’s immune response to ward of pathogens that are destroying your body. Instead of curing diseases, vaccines prevent them from occurring. This is done by incorporating attenuated versions of a specific disease into your body via injections. Once the vaccine is injected into your body, your body will undergo a series of reactions by destroying the pathogens. They will also remember the cell structure of these pathogens so that the next time they encounter it (when you are exposed to the disease) they will form a strong defense against it.
Aside from vaccines, antibiotics are also products of medical biotechnology. Numerous plants are nurtured and genetically altered to create antibodies. Compared to extracting antibodies directly from animals, this form of biotechnology is relatively cheaper since plants are able to form more antibodies compared to animals.
Agricultural biotechnology is a different form of biotechnology. The primary focus of agricultural biotechnology is the creation of genetically altered plants to increase crop production and to strengthen plants allowing them to grow and thrive in areas where they are constantly being exposed to pests and weather changes.
Usually, scientists study a specific feature of a plant and identify the gene that’s responsible for that particular characteristic. They will extract that gene and integrate it to a different plant so that the plant will grow and flourish with that particular desirable feature allowing it to endure and withstand external elements and yield crops in large quantities.
Examples of agricultural biotechnology include crops that are resistant to pests. Biotechnology has introduced groundbreaking techniques that allow crops to resist pests. This means farmers don’t have to keep applying pesticides on them since they are intrinsically capable of withstanding pest attack.
Biotechnology offers numerous benefits. One of the most popular advantage of biotechnology is allows nutrient supplementation where nutrients can be infused into the food we eat. For example, rice can be infused with vitamin A and beta-carotene. Aside from food and medicines, biotechnology is also useful in the industrial field. Examples of such products include personal care, detergents, wine and beer.
Biotechnology can help save the world and improve millions of lives. Research and funding should be channeled to support biotechnological studies.