Dentist, Types of Dental Specializations

Whenever something is wrong with your teeth and gums you automatically call the dentist for help. Dental health professionals are trained to diagnose and treat a wide array of oral problems. For routine dental exams, tooth extraction and professional teeth cleaning you can give your general dentist a call but for more complex cases that require more advanced treatment, it’s best if you see a dental specialist.

Dental specialists are dentists but what makes them special is they underwent additional years of training and education beyond the scope of general dentistry. Let’s check out the different dental specializations so the next time you encounter a dental problem, you’ll know whom to call.

What Is An Endodontist?

An endodontist is better known as a root canal specialist. When your tooth becomes infected and the infection goes deep within the pulp your general dentist will likely refer you to an endodontist. Endodontists specialize in diagnosing and treating tooth infections specifically the tiny canals within your tooth that house nerves, blood vessels and your tooth’s pulp. When the infection has reached the root canal, the best person to perform a root canal therapy is an endodontist.

What Is An Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeon?

An oral and maxillofacial surgeon is a dental health specialist that specializes in diagnosing and treating soft and hard tissues of the mouth, jaw and face. These surgeons perform complicated procedures that usually involve deep levels of sedation. As a matter of fact, they are the only health care professionals aside from anesthesiologists who are allowed and authorized to administer sedatives. Examples of procedures oral and maxillofacial surgeons perform include cleft palate surgery, cleft lip, and corrective jaw surgery as well as tooth extractions.

What Is An Orthodontist?

When it comes to correcting your teeth’s alignment the best person to contact is an orthodontist. An orthodontist is a dental health specialist that is trained to correct the position of your teeth and jaws. If you have a problem with your teeth’s alignment (overcrowded or crooked) and/or if you have an abnormal bite (cross bite, underbite or overbite) rest assured that your orthodontist can fix that problem for you through the use of ultramodern straightening devices such as clear aligners or Invisalign, braces, headgears and palatal expanders. Your orthodontist may use a combination of devices depending on the severity of your problem.

What Is A Pediatric Dentist?

A pediatric dentist is a dental health professional that specializes in children’s oral health. If you take your child to a pediatrician when he or she gets sick it makes sense that you take them to a pediatric dentist when your child is experiencing tooth and/or gum problems. Pediatric dentists received additional years of training making them experts in providing dental care to children from infancy until their teenage years. Pediatric dentists have the skills and the knowledge to cater to your child’s needs.

What Is A Periodontist?

A periodontist better known as a gum specialist specializes in preventing, diagnosing and treating gum diseases. Whenever you are experiencing problems in your gums the best person to call is a periodontist. Periodontists can recognize gum problems during their early stage and treat them before they advance. They are authorized to perform minor surgeries, treat severe gum infections and perform restorative dentistry to improve your smile.


It is important to know the different types of dental specializations so that when you are experiencing dental problems you’ll know that there are dental health specialists who can cater to your specific needs. Just like when you get sick, you’ll want a medical specialist to care for you because you know that they possess the skills and knowledge to carry out the procedures effectively and safely.